2018 Hemp Farm Bill Summary On Hemp

2018 Hemp Farm Bill Summary On Hemp
2018 Hemp Farm Bill Summary On Hemp

WHAT DOES THE FARM BILL DO?
ANALYSIS BY U.S. HEMP ROUNDTABLE GENERAL COUNSEL JONATHAN MILLER
Late in the evening of December 10, 2018, the 2018 Farm Bill House/Senate Conference Committee
released its Conference Report. The 807-page document is nearly half a foot tall. Hemp is discussed in
only a few handfuls of pages. But the impact on the industry is monumental:
• The era of hemp prohibition is over. Hemp is now permanently removed from the Controlled
Substances Act (CSA). It is forever deemed an agricultural commodity, no longer mistaken as a
controlled substance, like marijuana.
• By redefining hemp to include its “extracts, cannabinoids and derivatives,” Congress explicitly has
removed popular hemp products — such as hemp-derived cannabidiol (CBD) — from the purview of
the CSA. Accordingly, the Drug Enforcement Administration no longer has any possible claim to
interfere with the interstate commerce of hemp products. This should give comfort to federally
regulated institutions — banks, merchant services, credit card companies, e-commerce sites and
advertising platforms — to conduct commerce with the hemp and hemp product industry.
• Hemp farmers now may finally access needed crop insurance and can fully participate in USDA
programs for certification and competitive grants.
• State and Tribal governments may impose separate restrictions or requirements on hemp growth and
the sale of hemp products – however, they cannot interfere with the interstate transport of hemp or
hemp products. We are hopeful that local and state officials will follow Congress’ lead, as well as the
statements and resolutions of the World Health Organization and the U.S. Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) that declare, after intense scientific scrutiny, that CBD is safe, non-toxic, and
non-addictive.
• The FDA continues to exercise jurisdiction over the regulation of ingestible and topical hemp
products. We applaud the agency’s continued efforts to crack down on bad actors who undermine
the industry through misguided marketing claims. And while we are concerned about non-binding
statements made by the FDA that have led some state and local officials to question the legality of
the retail sale of hemp-derived CBD, we are hopeful that we can work with the agency to clarify that
CBD – which their own scientists concluded has no abuse potential and does not pose a risk to public
health – should not be withheld from Americans who count on it for their health and wellness.
SECTION BY SECTION

Section 7129 (p. 313): Includes hemp in USDA’s supplemental and alternative crops programs.
Section 7501 (p. 338): Includes hemp in USDA’s critical agricultural materials programs.
Section 7605 (p. 347): Orders the USDA Secretary to prepare a report on the 2014 Farm Bill pilot
program, and then repeals that program one year after the new permanent hemp program is created.
Section 10113 (p. 429): The guts of the new permanent legalization regime:
• Section 297A (p. 429) Defines hemp as all parts of the plant less than 0.3% THC, including
“derivatives,” “extracts” and “cannabinoids” and permits hemp production in all states and territories.
• Section 297B (a)-(d) (p. 429) Empowers states and Tribes to submit plans to USDA to implement
a permanent hemp growing program. Requires information gathering, testing, inspection and disposal procedures. The USDA Secretary must sign off on, or reject, the plan within 60 days, and consult with the
Attorney General. The Secretary can later audit state programs and work with the states to develop
corrective action plans where there is noncompliance.
• Section 297B(e)(p. 431): Orders states and Tribes to develop procedures to address violations, including
corrective action in the case of negligence.
• Section 297B(e)(3)(B) (p. 432): Individuals who commit drug felonies cannot participate in state or Tribal
growth programs for 10 years following the date of their conviction. However, participants in the 2014 Farm
Bill pilot programs are grandfathered in to participate in permanent programs despite any prior felony
committed.
• Section 297C (p. 432): States and Tribes are required to maintain information on lands where hemp is grown
and testing, enforcement, inspection and disposal procedures. The USDA Secretary must collect such
information to be accessible in real time to local, state and federal law enforcement.
• Section 297D (p. 434): The USDA Secretary is required to promulgate guidelines and regulations and submit
an annual report to Congress on the program’s implementation.
• Section 297D(c)(p. 434): Nothing in the new law affects the FDA’s authority under the Food, Drug and
Cosmetic Act or the Public Health Service Act.
Section 10114 (p. 435): Nothing in the act prohibits the interstate commerce of hemp, nor can States or Tribes prohibit
the transportation of hemp or hemp products through their territory.
Title XI (p. 439): Hemp farmers are made eligible for crop insurance, and marketability requirements for the crop
insurance program can be waived.
Section 12619 (p. 540): Hemp is removed from the definition of “marihuana,” and THC found in hemp is excluded from
the definition of a controlled substance.
Key notes from the Conference Report Managers’ Summary:
p. 738: The Managers note that “state and Tribal governments are authorized to put more restrictive parameters on the
production of hemp, but are not authorized to alter the definition of hemp or put in place policies that are less
restrictive.”
p. 738: The Managers note that the USDA Secretary must consult with the Attorney General regarding approval of state
or Tribal plans, but “the Managers intend that the final decision to be made by the Secretary.” States or Tribes can
appeal or resubmit plans that are rejected or revoked.
p. 739: Any drug felonies committed after the permanent program begins will ban participants from participating,
regardless of whether they participated in the 2014 Farm Bill pilot program.
p. 739: The USDA Secretary must make program information accessible in real time to law enforcement, and is
encouraged to develop a memorandum of understanding to define the parameters of this information sharing.

p. 739: “While states and Indian tribes may limit the production and sale of hemp and hemp products within their
borders, the Managers, in Section 10122, agreed to not allow such states and Indian tribes to limit the transportation or
shipment of hemp or hemp products through the state or Indian territory.”

What is CBd Oil?

CBD oil is a natural health supplement. It comes from the cannabis plant aka hemp. Its has been a staple in the human diet for nearly dating back 20,000 years or more. Not much is known on exactly how far back man has known of its existence. Up until the 1930’s and prohibition, it was used for everything.

Hemp Seed No Bake Brownie Recipe

Hemp seed brownies. You can add cbd to this but you really dont need to. You will be getting a low dose of CBD with the hemp seeds in the brownie recipe. There is less CBD in the seeds, but it will help keep you healthy and give you a good treat.

  • 2 1/2 cups dates pitted
  • 1/2 cup hulled hemp seeds
  • 1 cup raw walnuts
  • 1/2 cup unsweetened cocoa powder
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt
  • 2 teaspoons pure vanilla extract
  • 2 teaspoons water plus 1 tsp, if needed

Chocolate Ganache Frosting

  • 1/2 cup maple syrup room temperature
  • 1/2 cup unsweetened cocoa powder
  • 1/4 teaspoon pure vanilla extract
  • 1/3 cup plus 2 tablespoons coconut oil melted and slightly cooled

Instructions

  1. Grease an 8×8 baking pan with coconut oil. Line with parchment paper.
  2. Place dates, hemp seeds, walnuts, cocoa powder, salt, vanilla extract, and water into bowl of a food processor. Process until smooth, stopping occasionally to wipe down sides.
  3. Transfer mixture to prepared pan. Press down into pan in an even layer using a piece of parchment. The “batter” will be sticky.
  4. In a small bowl, combine chocolate ganache frosting ingredients. Whisk until smooth.
  5. Spread frosting over brownie layer. Place baking pan in freezer for at least two hours until set.
  6. Remove brownies from pan using parchment flaps and cut into small squares on a cutting board. Store in an airtight container in the refrigerator.

First Ever Medical Marijuana Commercial Coming Soon 2018

Most people wouldnt have thought in their lifetime they would see a commercial on TV advertising for Marijuana. Let alone Medical Marijuana. Its about to happen very soon. This is a preview of one of those new commercials set to air soon on major networks, like Fox and CNN.

What Exactly Is CBD

what is cbd?
what is cbd

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical occurring in cannabis plants. An increasing amount of evidence suggests that it may improve mental health, control PTSD, minimize effects of Autism, anxiety, cancer treatment, and many others. Without the adverse side effects of pharmaceutical drugs.

CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a compound found in hemp plants. It is a popular supplement, because it interacts with receptors that keep the body balanced and running normally. This video helps explain more too.

 

Marlboro Invests $1.8 billion Into Cronos

Marlboro invests $1.8 billion into cannibas company cronos
Marlboro invests $1.8 billion into cannibas company cronos

Well it isnt CBD, but it is a major investment in the CBD direction. Marlboro has finally done it and made the mainstream move as a cigarette/tobacco company to make the shift from tobacco into marijuana. It been a long time coming and joked about for decades that one day youd be able to buy a pack of joints at a gas station. I guess with Marlboros investment into Cronos, you might want to keep an eye on the sky. Pigs must be flying. Within the next month, a revised farm bill is going to be moved forward. We see this as the reason Marlboro went ahead and committed to making this investment. The farm bill will open new doors to the cannabis industry. Making not only hemp more mainstream, it will be a push towards federal legalization of marijuana itself. This will also make the CBD market move. The farm bill will clear the air on hemp and CBD legality. As CBD is 50 state legal, it still has some hurdles to jump to beat laws in some municipalities in some states. Many places, even though the laws have been foggy, have allowed things to move forward, while others have said CBD is still illegal and barred retailers from selling it. One more piece of the puzzled filled in the direction of 50 state legalization.

How CBD Destroys Cancer Cells

Theres plenty of proof that CBD has a tremendous affect on Cancer. Widespread studies have shown that CBD isnt 100% the cure but it effectively reduces the size of Cancer cells. Not only does it reduce the size of cancer cells but it also aids in recovery from cancer treatments. Cancer patients are stuck using pharmaceuticals and left with tons of side affects to deal with. CBD helps them get by.

 

The Benefits CBD Has On The Endocannibinoid Sytem

Explained by Dr. Michelle Bean the benefits CBD’s has on the human body and why we need them to support the endocannibinoid sytem in our bodies. Its vital to our health to have the right nutrients in our bodies and CBD is one of those that we need on a regular basis.

 

Does CBD Show Up On Drug Tests?

The answer is no, CBD wont turn up on a drug test. CBD is a totally different thing than THC. THC is what gets you high and loopy and is psychoactive. CBD is a non psychoactive compound found in hemp. It heals and doesnt get you high. Great video demonstration showing that it wont show up on a drug test. Its the marijuana alternative to make you calm and help you relax.

 

CBD Terpenes – What You Need To Know

 

CBD Terpenes - What You Need To Know
CBD Terpenes – What You Need To Know

Terpenes are aromatic compounds produced by nearly all forms of life. In plants, they are responsible for scent and color. Flowers often have the highest terpene content, which is why they have the strongest scent and often the most unique and vibrant colors. Terpenes also act on many different receptors in our body, and because of this, they comprise the active ingredients in most plant essential oils.

What Are Terpenes?

Terpenes are found abundantly in nature, and they are the chemical precursor of all cannabinoids.  Terpenes are aromatic compounds, which means they evaporate quickly and therefore produce a vast majority of the smells we associate with foods, perfumes, plants, personal hygiene products, cleaning solutions, and other every-day items.

Myrcene is the simplest terpene, as it’s comprised of one molecule of isoprene. Isoprene has the chemical formula C5H8. Isoprene molecules readily join with one another to form long chains with multiples of 5 carbon atoms – this is the defining feature of all terpenoid compounds. Terpenes/terpenoids serve hundreds of biological purposes and are considered one of nature’s basic building blocks.

There are hundreds of thousands of terpenoid compounds – all compounds that contain a multiple of 5 carbon atoms, such that their chemical formula would include C5, C10, C15, C20, etc.

The terpenes found in the Cannabis species give it a distinct environmental advantage over other plants. Different terpenes are necessary to perform diverse functions, including to: attract insects for pollination; repel pests; protect against fungal and bacterial infection; and even to add protective physical properties, like the flexibility of rubber.

There are some terpenoid compounds that contain up to 5000 isoprene units linked together, like which gives rubber its elastic properties. In addition to cannabis, myrcene is also commonly found in mangos, citrus, and lemongrass, and it has been found to act synergistically with THC to contribute to the sedative effects of cannabis.

In essence, terpenes add to both the flavor and the effects of cannabinoids.

The penetrating scent of terpenes in the trichomes of leaves and flowers repels pests and herbivores, making hemp one of the only plants known that doesn’t require chemical growth assistance or remediation. Others have antibiotic and antifungal properties. They produce the pervasive aroma often encountered with Cannabis, but they do many more vital things in the body, under almost everyone’s radar. 

How do terpenes interact with the body?

There are many ways that terpenes interact with the human body. Myrcene, commonly found in cannabis, mangos, citrus, and lemongrass, has been found to act synergistically with THC to contribute to the sedative and anxiolytic effects. This is because myrcene is a positive allosteric modulator of GABA1 receptors in the brain.

English translation: GABA is the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain, which means that it is responsible for reducing the excitability of the neurons that allow you to think and act.  Myrcene makes the GABA receptor more responsive to GABA, increasing its calming effect.  It is theorized that this particular terpene contributes to the anti-anxiety properties of essential oils, foods, and herbs that contain myrcene.

Another terpenoid, beta-caryophyllene, is found in many strains of Cannabis, as well as in oregano and black pepper, among other herbs.  It is notable as a protector of the stomach lining and also as an anti-inflammatory agent. Beta-caryophyllene also binds with high affinity to the CB2 receptors on T-Cells and Macrophages in the immune system.  It is the only terpene known to bind directly to cannabinoid receptors in the human body. This property is one of the reasons that green vegetables are so healthy for the digestive system and overall immune health.

Because terpenes are produced by so many living things, most forms of life are responsive to the effects of terpenes. As mentioned above, there are thousands of different terpenes that modify the effects of receptors in our body, and combinations of terpenes will create a unique effect that is slightly different than the sum of the individual effects. This is known as the entourage effect, and cannabinoids as well as terpenes are known to interact with each other to produce specific effects that aren’t possible without that unique combination of terpenoid compounds.

How do they interact with CBD?

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is one of the most important targets of terpenes in the human body. The ECS mediates the effects of THC as well as some of the effects of CBD. When terpenes are also present and acting upon the ECS, they can slightly alter the effect of CBD or THC on the same system.

Like CBD, terpenes can act to diminish the high that is perceived when THC is present in the brain.  Their subtle activity across many different brain regions is responsible for their therapeutic effects on mood, emotion, and cognition.  In addition, their activity in the immune and digestive systems as well as the brain contributes to the synergistic effect of Cannabis strains and broad-spectrum products that contain many compounds in addition to pure CBD or THC.

There are a few specific mechanisms of the synergy found between cannabinoids and terpenes:

  1. Multi-target effects occur because multiple parts of the brain are affected by terpenes and cannabinoids simultaneously (i.e., CBD is a partial agonist (activator) of 5-HT1A serotonin receptors, which regulate mood, as well as a negative modulator of CB1 receptors, which produce the “high” of THC)…together, these reduce the paranoia and anxiety that some users experience with THC use.
  2. Pharmacokinetic effects include any effect on the levels or movement (kinetics) of CBD through the body. Examples include improved bioavailability of cannabinoids over the blood brain barrier thanks to the presence of certain terpenes.
  3. Pharmacodynamic effects include the effect of terpenes on the same receptor as CBD. An example is the property of myrcene as a positive allosteric modulator of CB1 receptors, which are negatively modulated by CBD, therefore cancelling out the effects of one another.
    Note: this is useful for inhibiting one unwanted effect of CBD without completely removing all of its other effects.